J. Duncan - M. Derrett, «Jewish Law and Johaninne Vocabulary: a)lhqh&j at Jn 5,31-32; 7,18; 8,13. 17.», Vol. 17 (2004) 89-98
The backgrounds of Jn 6 and 7-8 having been missed, a)lhqh&j is still rendered “true”, whereas it means “legitimate” both in (e4du+t (testimony) and in s# eli+hu+t (agency).
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Jewish Law and Johannine Vocabulary: á¼€Î»Î·Ï‘á½µÏ‚ 97
as a â€œphilosopherâ€ and entered into dialogue with them (in spite of 7,49)
on an agreed corpus of authority, the story might have ended differently.
The claim that he was a prophet (4,19; 6,14; 7,40.52; 9,17) could, even
if he appeared to be a â€œseducerâ€, activate his sect anomalously to attempt
to save him from the death penalty prescribed by the Torah. Qumranâ€™s
sectarians could appeal to (their?) High Priest to save him if they certified
he was Å›adiq, â€œinnocentâ€ and a neâ€™emÄn, â€œreliableâ€ prophet45. We see how
that elastic word, á¼€Î»Î·Î¸á½µÏ‚, deserves a more serious consideration than it
has recently had.
J. Duncan M. Derret
Half Way House, High Street
Blockley, Moreton in Marsh
Glos. GL 56 9EX (ENGLAND)
4Q375 6-7 F. GarcÃa MartÃnez, The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated (Leiden and Grand
Rapids 21996) 278. G. Brin, â€œThe Laws of the Prophets in the Sect of the Judaean Desert;
Studies in 4Q375â€, in J.H. Charlesworth (ed.), Qumran Questions (Sheffield 1995) 28-60
at 30, 40, 51, 53, 57-60. Though a fantasy, the idea proves at least one contemporary sect
understood the difficulties of a Jewish â€œmissionaryâ€ within Israel, and conceived how he
could be saved notwithstanding his â€œseductionâ€. Too broad-minded to be realistic?